An alternative concept for mode coupling for the generation of ultra-short laser pulses will be presented. Based on the Kerr effect in thin-film systems, the Kerr band switch in a dielectric layer system implements an ultra-fast and loss-free switch concept at low cost, which covers almost the entire spectral range. This concept has high damage thresholds and, compared to semiconductor absorbers, absorbs only very small amounts of radiation energy and thus heats up only slightly.


Ultra-short pulse lasers (USPL) have become increasingly important in recent years. Especially in medical, industrial or life science applications they are gaining more and more importance. Compared to laser systems with longer pulse duration, they minimize the thermal damage of the material during processing by the fast energy input, which is shorter than the thermal diffusion of the energy through the material to be processed. Therefore, they enable significantly higher precision than would be the case if longer pulse duration were used. This minimizes thermal damage zones and enables the production of precise structures on a nanometer scale. Nevertheless, the application field of USP lasers is often limited by their complex structure and the associated high price. In addition, the currently available USP laser sources can often only generate wavelengths in the infrared spectral range. The general laser principle for generating short laser pulses is based on mode coupling, which can be achieved with a variety of technologies and components. In USP systems commercially available today, so-called SESAMs (Semiconductor-Saturable-Absorber Mirror) are generally used for mode coupling. These switches are based on the saturable absorption of a semiconductor layer, which in most cases consists of InGaAs mixtures and is therefore limited to narrow spectral ranges due to the material-specific band edges. In addition, the switching of the SESAM is based on the absorption of part of the laser light, which leads to undesired heating of the component at high power levels.


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